Monitoring Small Arms Proliferation
Introduction | Coalitions: SAWG and IANSA | Efforts to Combat the Illicit Traffic in Small and Light Arms | U.S. Government Documents | U.S. Government Agencies | FAS Arms Sales Monitoring Project Reports| Links and Other Organizations | Suggested Reading | Technical Information on Small Arms
There are around forty wars raging in countries around the world today. These wars are being fought primarily with small arms and light weapons carried by individual soldiers or on light vehicles. Few combatants involved (whether state or non-state actors) produce any, let alone the bulk, of these munitions. Most light arms being used in these conflicts are imported--either through legal international channels, or through the black market. Statistics on light weapons trafficking are hard to come by (none of the standard sources of information on the arms trade, such as the SIPRI Yearbook, provide such data), but the available evidence suggests that this trade is flourishing in the post-Cold War era. The Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers has begun to develop a comprehensive database of world-wide military small arms production and transfers.
The widespread availability of small arms and light weapons compounds the difficulty of alleviating civil crises, and it may actually encourage the resort to warfare (as opposed to non-military means of conflict resolution and state formation). The spread of light weapons is also increasing the duration of civil conflicts, which have tremendous costs in terms of human suffering, economic development deferred, and political development stunted. Small arms are also the weapons of choice for abusive forces within both government,
This campaign will increase awareness of the dangers posed by the easy availability (past, present and future) of light weapons. It will also consider and promote appropriate policy reforms. These goals will be achieved through the development of a database on black market gun-running and publication of a series of in-depth regional case studies, the first of which is a 1996 monograph on the light weapons trade in Latin America by Michael Klare and David Anderson.
The International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA):
- An international network of nongovernmental organizations working to address the proliferation and misuse of small arms
The Small Arms Working Group (SAWG)
- An alliance of nongovernmental organizations working to reform U.S. policy on small arms sales
EFFORTS TO COMBAT THE ILLICIT TRADE IN SMALL ARMS/LIGHT WEAPONSUS GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS
- Measuring United States Implementation of the UN Program of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons, Fact Sheet, 29 June 2006.
- Statement by Robert G. Joseph, Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security, at the United Nations Conference to Review Progress Made in the Implementation of the Program of Action, 27 June 2006. Fact Sheet, 9 June 2006.
- Actions by the United States to Stem the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons, Fact Sheet, 9 June 2006.
- Senate letter to Secretary Rice on Global Principles and the Program of Action, 11 January 2006.
- Statement by Steve Cosner, Deputy Director for the Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement, to the Preparatory Committee Meeting for First Review Conference of the UN Program of Action, U.S. Mission to the UN, 11 January 2006.
- United States Report to the Second Biennial Meeting of States on the Implementation of the United Nations Program of Action for Small Arms and Light Weapons, Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement, U.S. State Department, 11 July 2005.
- Small Arms and Light Weapons Disarmament Programs: Challenges, Utility, and Lessons Learned, Advanced Systems and Concepts Office, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, 12 July 2004.
- Fact Sheet: State Dept. Chronology on Regional Small Arms Activities, 05 July 2001
- State Dept, International Information Program, U.S. Foreign Policy Agenda (electronic journal): June 2001 issue on Small Arms and Light Weapons
- Second SADC-US Forum. Maputo, Mozambique: 11 May 2000.
- State Department Fact Sheet: Initiative Against Small Arms and Illicit Trafficking, February 23, 2000 (Revised 3-10-2000)
- U.S.-EU Statement of Principles on Small Arms and Light Weapons, December 1999
- Hebert L. Calhoun, Small Arms and Light Weapons: Can They Be Controlled?, U.S. Department of State, 1998.
US GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS - Illicit Arms Transfers
- "Man Sentenced to 25 Years in Prison for Scheme to Arm Colombian Terror Group with 4,000 Grenades and 2,000 Firearms," News Release, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, 9 August 2005. August 1986.
- Report on Arms Caches Seized in Chile, August 1986.
- Libya: Supplying Terrorist Weapons, Central Intelligence Agency, Directorate of Intelligence, 6 December 1984.
- Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms
- U.S. Customs Service
- State Dept, Arms Control and International Security Agency
- State Dept, Small Arms and Light Weapons Information Page
- ASMP Presentation to the OAS Consultative Committee on the Inter-American Convention (3 May 2002)
- FAS Report: U.S. Policy on Small/Light Arms Exports
- FAS Public Interest Report: A Call to Shutdown the Black Market
- "Controlling Small Arms at Home and Abroad," Arms Sales Monitor No.38
- A SCOURGE OF GUNS: The Diffusion of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Latin America by Michael Klare and David Andersen
- Preliminary Policy Options for Monitoring/Restricting Exports of Light Arms
- Center for Defense Information
- International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA)
- Organisation of African Unity Small Arms Project website (OAU)
- UN Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects
- The Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers. This webpage includes a searchable database of worldwide small arms production and transfers.
- Fund for Peace
- Small Arms Survey
- The British-American Security Information Council (BASIC)
- The Council for a Livable World Education Fund Conventional Arms Transfer Project.
- The Monterey Institute for International Studies' Program on Security and Development (SAND).
- Institute for Security Studies
- United Nations Regional Centre for Peace, Disarmament and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean's (UN-LiREC) Regional Clearing-house on Firearms, Ammunition and Explosives. The Clearing-house serves as a catalyst to reduce firearms-related violence, eradicate the illicit trafficking of firearms, collect and destroy surplus guns, ammunition and explosives and create an environment more conducive to sustainable development.
- American-based gun-control groups work both on regulating licit gun sales and curbing illicit gun sales:
Handgun Control Coalition to Stop Gun Violence Join Together
- Amnesty International
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ON SMALL ARMS:
The Picatinny Arsenal homepage highlights U.S. Army small/light weapons developmentand procurement plans.
Information on Specific Small Arms:
- Beretta Homepage
- FN Manufacturing, Inc.
- Heckler & Koch
- North America Integrated Technologies
- Pauza Specialties
- Smith & Wesson
- Springfield Armory